FTS Dental

Tooth Decay: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Tooth decay is a common dental problem that can affect people of all ages. It is caused by the breakdown of tooth enamel, the hard, outer layer of the tooth, due to the acids produced by bacteria in the mouth.

If left untreated, tooth decay can lead to pain, infection, and even tooth loss. In this post, we will discuss the causes, prevention, and treatment options for tooth decay.

At Klinik Pergigian F.T.S. Chin, a trusted dental clinic in Kota Kinabalu, we believe that educating our patients on dental health is crucial in preventing dental problems.

In this post, we aim to provide comprehensive information on tooth decay and its treatment.

What Causes Tooth Decay?

Tooth decay can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Poor dental hygiene, such as not brushing and flossing regularly
  • High sugar and carbohydrate intake, which can fuel the growth of bacteria in the mouth
  • Acidic drinks and foods that can erode the tooth enamel
  • Dry mouth, which can occur due to certain medications or medical conditions, and can lead to a lack of saliva that helps neutralize acids in the mouth

Prevention of Tooth Decay

Prevention is always better than cure, and this is particularly true for tooth decay. Here are some preventive measures that you can take to reduce the risk of tooth decay:

  • Brush and floss regularly: Brushing twice a day and flossing at least once a day can help remove plaque and food particles from your teeth and gums, preventing the buildup of bacteria that can cause tooth decay.
  • Reduce sugary and acidic food and drinks: Limit your intake of sugary and acidic food and drinks, such as soda, sports drinks, and candy, as they can erode the tooth enamel and contribute to the growth of bacteria in the mouth.
  • Use fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash: Fluoride can help strengthen tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay. Look for toothpaste and mouthwash that contains fluoride, and use them as directed.
  • Get regular dental checkups: Regular dental checkups and cleanings can help detect and prevent tooth decay. Your dentist can also provide fluoride treatments or sealants to protect your teeth.

Treatment for Tooth Decay

If you already have tooth decay, the treatment options depend on the severity of the decay. Here are some common treatment options for tooth decay:

  • Fillings: If the decay is minor, your dentist may fill the cavity with a composite resin material that matches the color of your teeth.
  • Root canal therapy: If the decay has reached the pulp or nerve of the tooth, your dentist may recommend a root canal therapy to remove the infected tissue and restore the tooth.
  • Dental crowns: If the decay has caused extensive damage to the tooth, your dentist may recommend a dental crown to protect and restore the tooth.
  • Extractions: If the decay is too severe and the tooth cannot be saved, your dentist may recommend extracting the tooth and replacing it with a dental implant, bridge, or denture.

At Klinik Pergigian F.T.S. Chin, we offer a wide range of dental treatments and services to help prevent and treat tooth decay, including cosmetic dentistry, teeth whitening, fillings, and more.

Our experienced and friendly dental team is committed to providing the highest quality dental care to our patients in Kota Kinabalu and beyond.

Visit us at ftsdental.com to learn more about our services and schedule your dental appointment today.