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Gum Disease: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment of Gum Disease


Maintaining healthy teeth and gums is an essential part of overall health and well-being. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects many people worldwide. In this article, we will discuss the causes, prevention, and treatment of gum disease.

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is caused by the buildup of plaque on teeth, which can lead to inflammation and infection in the gums. If left untreated, gum disease can cause tooth loss and may even lead to more severe health problems.

Types of Gum Disease

There are two types of gum disease:

  1. Gingivitis – the milder form of gum disease, causing inflammation of the gums, but without any permanent damage.
  2. Periodontitis – an advanced stage of gum disease, causing damage to the supporting bone structure and can lead to tooth loss.

Causes of Gum Disease

Several factors can contribute to the development of gum disease, including:

  • Poor oral hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing can lead to the buildup of plaque, which can cause gum disease.
  • Tobacco use: Smoking or chewing tobacco can increase the risk of gum disease.
  • Genetics: Some people may be more prone to gum disease due to their genetic makeup.
  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause can increase the risk of gum disease.
  • Medications: Certain medications can reduce the flow of saliva, which can lead to dry mouth, and increase the risk of gum disease.

Prevention of Gum Disease

The good news is that gum disease is preventable. Here are some tips to help prevent gum disease:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth.
  • Use an antibacterial mouthwash to reduce the bacteria that cause gum disease.
  • Eat a balanced diet that is low in sugar and high in vitamins and minerals.
  • Avoid smoking and tobacco use.

Treatment of Gum Disease

If you suspect you have gum disease, it’s essential to visit your dentist for an evaluation. The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to treat. Your dentist may recommend one or more of the following treatments:

  • Scaling and root planing: This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gumline.
  • Medications: Antibiotics or antimicrobial mouthwashes may be prescribed to kill the bacteria that cause gum disease.
  • Surgery: In advanced cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue and restore the gumline.

Dental Services Offered by Klinik Pergigian F.T.S. Chin

Klinik Pergigian F.T.S. Chin is a dental clinic located in Kota Kinabalu, offering a wide range of dental services. Here are some of the services they offer:

At Klinik Pergigian F.T.S. Chin, they understand the importance of maintaining good oral health. They provide personalized dental care to their patients and use the latest dental technology to ensure the best possible outcomes.


Gum disease is a common condition that can lead to serious dental problems. However, with proper oral hygiene and regular dental checkups, it’s entirely preventable. If you have any concerns about your oral health, don’t hesitate to contact Klinik Pergigian F.T.S. Chin, your trusted Kota Kinabalu dentist. They will help you maintain healthy teeth and gums for a lifetime.